Staple foods such as grains and root crops form the basis of most sub-Saharan Africans’ diet, while fresh Fruits, Vegetables, Dairy, Meat, and Seafood are an important source of vital nutrients, vitamins and minerals that are essential for human health and well-being.
Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have been found to lose as much as 40% of their harvested food, up to 94% of these losses are due to inefficient supply chain during harvest, processing and distribution. This is mainly due to high rates of bruising, water loss and subsequent decay during post-harvest handling. Moreover, substandard food products may have adverse health effects when consumed.
Cold chain logistics plays a vital role in post-harvest handling steps between harvesting and consumption, including
Cold chain logistics allows farmers to diversify production to include high-value perishable crops, export them to regional and international market and increase earnings. In addition, cold chain facilities create opportunities for labor, services and value-added processing.
Cold chain logistics allows the farmers to reduce post-harvest losses, store in temperature controlled warehouses and sell them as per market demand in counties and neighboring counties.