Staple foods such as grains and root crops form the basis of most sub-Saharan Africans’ diet, while fresh Fruits, Vegetables, Dairy, Meat and Seafood are an important source of vital nutrients, vitamins and minerals that are essential for human health and well-being.
Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have been found to lose as much as 40% of their harvested food, up to 94% of these losses are due to inefficient supply chain during harvest, processing and distribution. This is mainly due to high rates of bruising, water loss and subsequent decay during post harvest handling. Moreover substandard food products may have adverse health effects when consumed.
Cold chain logistics plays vital role in post harvest handling steps between harvesting and consumption, including
Cold chain logistics allows farmers to diversify production to include high value perishable crops, export them to regional and international market and increase earnings. In addition cold chain facilities create opportunities for labor, services and value added processing.
Cold chain logistics allows the farmers to reduce post harvest losses, store in temperature controlled warehouses and sell them as per market demand in counties and neighboring counties.